Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc processing is becoming a more common alternative to coating processes that require improved mechanical properties and resistance to corrosion, often on plaincarbon and lowalloy steels. Machined brake rotors are preheated, then immersed into a high temperature molten nitrocarburizing salt bath for a first predetermined dwell time. Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing, 2003. Nitriding, nitrocarburizing, microstructure evolution, compound layer, diffusion zone, expanded austenite. Just copy one of the highlighted code examples below and paste it into your websites html.
Fnc which goes by the generic name of ferritic nitro carburizing, ferritic nitrocarburizing, ferritic nitrocarburizing, and sometimes just nitrocarburizing is not new and has been around for over 100 years. A nitrex turnkey nitriding nitrocarburizing system is much more than a standard furnace with controls. Four basic properties must be presenta nitrogen source, a. Ferritic nitrocarburizing of plain carbon steels by madhavan manivannan a dissertation submitted to the faculty of graduate studies through the department of mechanical, automotive and materials engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for. Fnc brake rotors last longer because of their resistance to wear and. Ferritic nitrocarburizing of plain carbon steels by madhavan manivannan a dissertation submitted to the faculty of graduate studies through the department of mechanical, automotive and materials engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy at the university of windsor windsor, ontario, canada 2015. In addition to gas nitriding, ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc is a related nitriding process which is gaining much popularity due to the specific wear and anticorrosion properties offered, including coupling with postprocess high temperature oxidation. Brake pulsation due to corrosion is eliminated when fnc is applied. It describes the various nitriding processes, namely, high and lowpressure nitriding, oxynitriding, sulfonitriding, oxysulfonitriding, ferritic nitrocarburizing and. Ferritic ferritic implies temperatures less than the a1 line 1400f760c in the ironcarbon phase diagram. Ferritic nitrocarburized surface treatment of cast iron brake rotors providing oxidation resistance, good braking performance and absence of distortion. Gas nitriding furnaces, ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc seco. Nitriding and ferritic nitrocarbriziung offer unique advantages compared to other surface hardening heat treatments. Major advances in ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc web url.
Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing david pye on. Liquid salt bath ferritic nitrocarburizing noncyanide bathstabilized jul 2019 ams2753d this specification covers the requirements for an epsiloniron nitride case on ferrous parts produced by immersion in a lowtemperature, agitated, fused salt bath. The process is very similar to plasma ion nitriding, except that in addition to nitrogen, hydrogen and additions of other gases containing carbon are used. This process is done to provide an antiscuffing surface layer and improve fatigue resistance and corrosion. It describes the various nitriding processes, namely, high and lowpressure nitriding, oxynitriding, sulfonitriding, oxysulfonitriding, ferritic nitrocarburizing and austenitic nitrocarburizing. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc is a case hardening process similar to gas nitriding that is used to produce a hard, wearresistant surface on low grades of steel such as 1010, 1018, 1020, a36, etc. The main aim of the project is to study the effect of austenitic nitrocarburizing of mild steel sample under various cooling rate and ageing at different temperature conditions. Need information on ferritic nitrocarburizing finishing. To understand the nitridingnitrocarburizing process, full understanding of its thermodynamics does not suf. Aspects of thermodynamics, kinetics and microstructure development in iron and heat treatable steel will be explained. I imagined this to be a some kind of carburizing, or heat treatment, but. Ferritic nitrocarburizing gears to increase wear resistance and reduce distortion. Compound layers developed at 848 k during gaseous nitrocarburizing of iron and ironcarbon specimens were. Nitriding fundamentals, modeling and process optimization.
Ferritic nitrocarburizing gears to increase wear resistance. Fnc eliminates lot rot by drastically improving the rotors cleanability. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc imparts high surface hardness, improved wear resistance and fatigue resistance to a wide variety of carbon steel, alloy steel and cast iron parts. After removing the brake rotors from the nitrocarburizing salt bath, the brake rotors are. C traditional retort furnace vdr with highspeed cooler. The vdr furnace produces three batchesday instead of only two batchesday. Tell your friends and customers you were featured in the article ferritic nitrocarburizing gears to increase wear resistance and reduce distortion. This book provides a comprehensive guide to understanding these processes, selecting the appropriate process and process parameters, controlling the. Enter your mobile number or email address below and well send you a link to download the free kindle app. Our expertise is in providing traditional and unique heat treating services to our clients and valueadded solutions. Austenitic nitriding and nitrocarburizing of steels. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc is a process used to reduce corrosion on brake rotors.
Both nitrogen and carbon diffuse into the surface of the parts. This book is intended to assist all of the practitioners of the technology in. Then you can start reading kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or. Exploring ferritic nitrocarburizing and different post. I will recommend anyone looking for loan to contact. I imagined this to be a some kind of carburizing, or heat treatment, but according to our client it is a finish. Ferritic nitrocarburizing bluewater thermal solutions. This article summarizes the terminology for gas reactions, and discusses lowtemperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing of stainless steels. The practical importance of ferritic nitrocarburizing stems from the good anticorrosion and tribological.
Nitrocarburizing also entails the dissolution of carbon and nitrogen into a workpiece, but, compared to carbonitriding, more nitrogen is used in nitrocarburizing. This is a discussion on ferritic nitrocarburizing finish within the modern m14 forums, part of the m14 m1a forum category. Ferritic nitrocarburizing is an effective, economical casehardening option for a broad range of parts, including. Effect of austenitic nitrocarburizing of mild steel under. Ferritic nitrocarburising is a thermochemical surface hardening process that involves diffusion of both nitrogen and carbon into the part. Sae ams 2753c2008 sae ams2753c2008 liquid salt bath. Ferritic nitrocarburizing, also known by the proprietary names tennifer tenifer and melonite, is a range of proprietary case hardening processes that diffuse nitrogen and carbon into ferrous metals at subcritical temperatures during a salt bath. This specification covers the requirements for an epsiloniron nitride case on ferrous parts produced by immersion in a lowtemperature, agitated, fused salt bath. Develop a modelbased optimization process to determine the optimum process parameters for several process goals. During the process, a twopart surface layer is formed, an outer iron nitride layer with a nitrogen diffusion layer below it. Us20080000550a1 salt bath ferritic nitrocarburizing of.
Onc, applied in combination with the nitreg potentialcontrolled nitriding process or the nitregc potentialcontrolled nitrocarburizing process, is a clean technology that in many instances can replace chrome plating and salt bath nitriding with their inherent problems of pollution and cost. As a result, there are significant improvements of. A discussion started in 1998 but continuing through 2017. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc imparts high surface hardness, improved wear resistance and fatigue resistance to a wide variety of carbon steel, alloy steel and cast iron parts. Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing david.
Beyond this, the surface phase formation on alloy steels tends to be pre. Fnc brake rotors rust free brakes ferritic nitrocarburizing. I use nitride treated parts in almost all of my gun builds. The kinetics of the various process steps as mass transfer from fig. This book provides a comprehensive guide to understanding these processes, selecting the appropriate process and process parameters, controlling the process, evaluating results, and troubleshooting. This contribution addresses the current understandingof gaseous nitriding and nitrocarburizing. A process in which both nitrogen and carbon are absorbed into the surface layer of steel at temperatures below the lower critical temperature. Sae ams 2753c2008 sae ams2753c2008 liquid salt bath ferritic nitrocarburizing noncyanide bath. Four basic properties must be presenta nitrogen source, a carbon source, heat, and some type of ferrous material. Ferritic nitrocarburising case hardening bodycote plc. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc is a process in which nitrogen and carbon diffuse into the surface of a part that is in a ferritic condition.
Ion plasma ferritic nitrocarburizing oxynit fernit plasox plastek planit figure 8. Because the process is carried out at temperatures below 1100 f, retention of core properties and good dimensional control are achieved. Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing david pye. Solubility of n in steel is limiting factor during fnc, lower temperatures available nitrogen from ammonia dissociation. Providing stateoftheart heat treating services and quality assurance capabilities to many industries across the united states. Fnc brake rotors last longer because of their resistance to wear and corrosion. Bodycotes proprietary process of this low temperature surface treatment, called lindure, involves the addition of oxygen. The article ferritic nitrocarburizing gears to increase wear resistance and reduce distortion should appear in the box below, but if you do not see it, you can download it here. Since the process is carried out at relatively low temperatures and without the need for quenching, it shows negligible shape changes and leaves a good surface finish. It appears you dont have a pdf plugin for this browser. As low temperatures and no quenching are involved in the nitrocarburizing process, distortion and size change are very low so. Gas nitriding furnaces, ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc. The process temperature is also a little higher than plasma ion nitriding. I think various trade names are black nitride, tenifer, melonite and likely a few others.
While there is a clear reduction in rotating bending fatigue for the steel 42crmo4 after nitrocarburizing at 650c, as compared to ferritic nitrocarburizing at 610 and 580c park and dengel, 1993, the maximum in fatigue strength for the unalloyed steel c45n is in the range of austenitic nitridingnitrocarburizing figure 9. Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing, asm. Its a comprehensive solution that starts with a client and application assessment, equipment proposal and design, manufacturing, process testing and recipe proofing, continuing to logistics, onsite installation, training and commissioning to plant integration, and aftersales valueadded. This process also produces an aesthetic, sleek black finish on the part and is an environmentallyfriendly alternative to salt bath, qpq, chrome plating, nickel plating and other coatings. Ferritic nitrocarburizing is a casehardening technique that uses heat, nitrogen and carbon to toughen up the exterior of a steel part, improving its durability, appearance and corrosion resistance. Thermodynamics, kinetics and microstructural evolution of the compound layer. Nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing in the vdrn furnace. Ferritic nitrocarburizing fnc is a case hardening process that produces an extremely hard surface layer that improves wear life and aides in lubricity and corrosion resistance.
Nitrocarburizing is not a coating, rather it is a surface treatment that reaches approx. Practical nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing asm. Austenitic nitrocarburizing refers to the temperature of the nitrogenenriched zone at the surface of a part. Nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing offer unique advantages compared to other surface hardening heat treatments.1201 917 1348 1194 240 332 1235 417 552 1102 836 1245 1034 1105 1409 1468 423 818 1154 420 1370 403 1142 1497 254 1309 886 636 216 433 884 1159 750 364 341 788